History Of Scuba Diving


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SCUBA is an acronym that stands for “SELF CONTAINED UNDERWATER BREATHING APPARATUS.” Notwithstanding, the word SCUBA has become a modifier to portray the well-known water game, scuba diving. How interesting! Through passing on a wellspring of pressed air, a scuba jumper can remain lowered in the water longer than with the fundamental breath-holding techniques used in swimming, and freediving isn’t destroyed in the process through transporters to a distance from the air source.

Jacques Cousteau and Emile Gagnan came together and innovated the current request regulator used in submerged diving. Their innovation made the gadget known as the Aqualung, or Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCUBA), enabling safer and more significant dives.

Scuba diving is a game that began far into the olden days. The early people of Greece and Rome used to swim while pausing their breath or using breathing gears like plant stems that had holes. This act was always utilized during a fight or while the people gather food and other edible materials from the ocean.

This water game has improved from that point onward. Lowered jumping then developed from direct freediving to the more refined design that is implemented today because of the roles some very important people played over time.

Modern-day Scuba diving depends on accumulated advancements in underwater development, including the researches on the results of lowered strain on the body and the intent to create coordinated practice plans for novice divers.

Scientists and experts analyzed, surveyed, and advanced per time to make scuba diving improved as it is today. Here are some of the things they studied:

Human Intuitives as a case study

Freediving has a similar process to the development of human beings. For the first nine months in humans, we live in a maritime environment, especially seawater. In a situation whereby an infant is lowered in the water, it intuitively holds its breath for up to 40 seconds while making swimming developments, even though these capacities seem to disappear as infants age and walk.

Of a truth, freediving is what verified the expertise of scuba diving. Freediving relies upon previous psyche reflexes in individuals, unlike some other games. One of the factors that excite these reflexes is perhaps the fundamental element of freediving, which gives people better abilities to withstand huge debts.

The Word – “Apnea” as a case study

“Apnea” is derived from the Greek word “a-pnoia,” which denotes “without breathing.” The root of this word (apnea)doesn’t have anything to do with water, but it is a synonymous word for “freediving” in recent sports terms. Precisely when “apnea” was used concerning this game, it connotes diving on a personal breath of air without using that makes it acceptable to breathe in a lowered position in the water.

Early Diving Devices as a case study

Old swimmers used hollow reeds that allowed them to breathe in lowered positions as their basic snorkel. An acclaimed illustration where it was used successfully was where a Greek stone laborer named Scyllis was arrested by Persians and taken as a prisoner in one of the boats, and how he moved away, swimming for as long as nine miles to reunite with his family, via the help of a hollow reed as a poor snorkel.

Greek scholar Aristotle also recorded the fundamental use of “diving ringers” in the 4th century BC. They made use of cauldrons that were overturned and compelled into the water, so they held reusable air for the jumper. This basic “development” reemerged in the sixteenth century after people began to use manual diving ringers in the form of wooden barrels. It must have been essential for such development to resurface. These wooden barrels were fixedly held some feet away from the surface with their base exposed to water and the top area containing air compressed by water tension. Any diver who stands vertically would have his head enclosed in the diving jingle. The diver could leave it momentarily to assemble wipes or examine the base and a short time later, return some moments later, till the air in the ringer can no longer be reused for breathing.

It’s highly surprising that eventually, in the thirteenth century, divers in Persia began to make eye goggles by gently cutting and cleaning turtle shells.

In the 16th century in France and England, diving jackets made from cowskin were used in diving at deeps up to sixty feet while the air was directed down from the water surface with the guide of manual siphons. After some time, defensive covers were made from metallic materials to withstand extensively more water pressure, enabling water jumpers to go further into the water.

Extensive Breath

John Smeaton, an English Architect, developed a pneumatic machine in the year 1771. The device permitted airflow through to the scuba diver by connecting the machine with a hose. The hose was likewise attached with a plunging barrel. A year later, Sieur Freminet, a Frenchman, made a piece of rebreathing equipment that enables the scuba diver to reuse the air inside the plunging barrel. Tragically, although it was the most recently updated air device, it fell short of inventive work, which incited his passing away as a result of the shortfall of oxygen in the process of using the gadget for 20 minutes.

As of 1825, William James, an English developer, maintained Smeaton’s assessment by making another self-reliant breather, which involved a cylinder formed metallic “belt” which holds scarcely adequate air for a concise dive of around seven minutes and was associated with a copper face security cap. As of the 1830s, the air protective cap, which has an empowered surface, was highly improved to allow expansive salvage practice.

A long time after that, in 1876, Henry Fleuss, an Englishman, developed a shut circuit oxygen rebreather. While it was originally created for the management of a metallic door in an overwhelmed watercraft. He, therefore, endeavored using it for a 30-foot dive in a submerged position. Fleuss too passed on from the test just like James, and this time, it was due to the harmful effect of oxygen.

Scuba Diving Today

These days, only a few things are needed for the crucial rundown of scuba diving equipment, each arranged and improved consistently over time, to keep both novice and master jumpers safe and to help ensure attainable lowered missions.

Read about scuba weights‘ here.


Scuba diving has attained significant progress since it was created from freediving 100 years ago. It’s quite possibly the most daring and adventurous water game of all time.

See differences between dive fins and snorkel fins‘ here.